General and High Risk Obstetrics
Reviewing the overall health of you and your partner before conception helps you make healthy choices for both you and your baby. All women are recommended to visit their doctor for a pre-pregnancy counselling appointment to check for possible risk factors that could affect your chances of conceiving or having a normal pregnancy.
Morning sickness refers to nausea and vomiting and affects a large population of pregnant women during their first trimester. It generally occurs from the 4th to the 12th or 14th week of pregnancy, but some women may experience it during their entire pregnancy. Morning sickness is not harmful for the unborn child, but severe cases are called hyperemesis gravidarum and may even require hospitalization.
Antenatal or prenatal care is care offered throughout the course of your pregnancy. When you test positive for pregnancy, you should consult with your doctor. Your first antenatal visit will include a review of your health, previous health issues or complications, and family history of genetic diseases. Your doctor will question you about issues such as previous pregnancies and miscarriages.
Birthing, also called labour or parturition is the act or process of giving birth to offspring. Every woman’s labour is different, even from first pregnancy to the next.
In early labour your cervix may dilate, and you may experience mild to moderate contractions lasting for 30 to 90 seconds. A thick, stringy, blood-tinged liquid may discharge through the vagina.
Post Natal Care
Delivering a baby is an exhausting and emotional experience. Various physiological changes will happen in your body after giving birth including hormonal and emotional changes. You will continue to need the extra care which you were receiving during your pregnancy to restore you to your pre-pregnancy health.
Breastfeeding provides your newborn baby with nutrients required for healthy development and growth. The yellowish sticky breast milk called colostrum, produced at the end of pregnancy, is the most recommended and perfect food for the newborn. Breastfeeding should be initiated within the first hour of birth for at least 6 months and may be continued for up to 2 years of age and beyond, along with suitable complementary foods.
Pregnancy is an exciting time for any women, but complications may develop sometimes even in healthy women. Most pregnancy complications can easily be detected and prevented during regular prenatal visits. The two most common complications that arise during pregnancy are high blood pressure and gestational diabetes.